Rebellion Picture Tour: 1689 - 1882     
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Osceola knifes the Treaty of Payne's Landing, or does he?

Osceola Defies the U.S. at Payne's Landing
Lithograph by Welch, 1841.

Faced with the prospect of forced emigration from Florida to the West, the Seminole allies stood firm during negotiations in 1834-1835. American officers attributed Seminole resolve to the influence of black warriors and Osceola, an "Indian" chief who had strong English ancestry and a large number of African American followers. 

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