Rebellion Picture Tour: 1689 - 1882     
spacerHomespacer spacerOverviewspacer spacerTrail Narrativespacer spacerHighlightsspacer spacerMapsspacer spacerResourcesspacer spacerImagesspacer spacer
Images > Picture Tour > Picture 6 of 32
Military map showing the Negro Fort and Fort Gadsden

The Negro Fort and Fort Gadsden
Military map, 1818, National Archives.

After the War of 1812 between the U.S. and England, Spanish Florida remained a haven for free blacks and fugitive slaves. By 1815, hundreds of African Americans had taken up residence in the vicinity of the "Negro Fort," a heavily armed fortress on the Appalachicola River in western Florida. American slaveholders considered the fort a dangerous menace to their way of life. In 1816, U.S. General Andrew Jackson ordered a brutal assault to destroy the fort and reduce its inhabitants to chattel slavery.

Also see:

Next >>

View an image enlargement
spacer spacer