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General Info

The images in the Gray & James series are the opposite of "Massacre of the Whites" in analytic calm and attention to detail. The finely detailed lithographs, hand-colored for publication, depict actual scenes and locations from the war. In two cases they capture dramatic conflicts, but overall the emphasis is on depicting daily actions in their mundane detail.

Published in Charleston, the series appears to document the progress of a division of South Carolina volunteers from February through May of 1836, after they were placed under U.S. Army General Abraham Eustis.

While the lithographs are based in fact, quite noticeably, they omit any representation of blacks. Possibly, the publishers hesitated to include inflammatory images of slaves in revolt, in the commonly expressed belief that such material would only incite racial tensions.

(Select any image to call up details.)